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Glossary

ASF – African Swine Fever
ASF is a viral haemorrhagic fever of domestic pigs and wild boar, with mortality rates up to 100%

CNC – COST National Coordinators:

The individuals appointed by the COST Member Countries and Cooperating State in charge of confirming the acceptance of the Action Memorandum of Understanding and responsible for nominating the Management Committee members of their country and the evaluators for the Review Panels pool of Experts and for advising and informing the national science and technology communities and institutions in his/her country on all COST related matters.

COST Action – COST Actions

Are networks centred around nationally funded research projects in fields that are of interest to at least five COST countries. The financial support averages EUR 130 000 per year for a four-year period.

COST Association. It was established in September 2013 as an international not-for-profit organisation under Belgian law, integrating the COST governance and executive bodies. It acts as the implementing agent for COST activities and is strictly non-profit making, devoted to the promotion, organisation, management and funding of practical support functions for COST.

 

COST Countries – COST Countries:
  • 36 Member Countries:
  • Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and
  • One cooperating state: Israel
  • A cooperating state implies non-voting membership in the COST Committee of Senior Officials (CSO) and in the Scientific Committee as well as full member rights on Action level.
  • According to the COST rules, participation of Member Countries is based exclusively on a voluntary approach. They participate only in mutually agreed Actions, depending on their interest, relevance of joint research and shorter time needed to achieve envisaged results. The achieved results are the property of all participants, who have to provide full funding for agreed research and concerted activities themselves. COST Member Countries merely endorse the Actions by signing a Memorandum of Understanding, thus increasing their importance and providing moral support.
  • Near Neighbour countries:
  • Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, the Russian Federation, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine. For these countries, the COST programme has a particular near neighbour scheme

ERA – European Research Area
In 2000, the European Union (EU) decided to create the ERA. The objective is to inspire the best talents to enter research careers in Europe, incite industry to invest more in European research – contributing to the EU objective to devote 3% of GDP for research, and strongly contribute to the creation of sustainable growth and jobs.

European Research Council

The main aim of the newly-established body is to stimulate scientific excellence by supporting and encouraging the very best, truly creative scientists, engineers and scholars to be adventurous and take risks in their research.

ESR – Early Stage Researcher
A term used until 1 January 2015 to define a researcher whose career spun less than 8 years between the date of the PhD/doctorate (or similar experience) and the date of involvement in the COST Action. Periods of career leave have to be added to this time span. According to the COST Rules valid as of 1 January 2015, the corresponding term refers to Early Career Investigators (ECI). COST approved a specific strategy for early stage researchers.

ITC Conference Grants
Inclusiveness Target Countries are grants designed to reimburse costs of conference attended by eligible participants, to increase research collaboration.

MC – Management Committee – For each Action a Management Committee, formed by national experts of the signatory countries, is in charge of implementing, supervising and coordinating the activities of the Action.

Scientific Committee
It is composed of independent, internationally renowned, high-level experts, one per COST Member Country and Cooperating State, appointed by the CSO

STSM – Short-Term Scientific Missions
These Missions (Inter-laboratory Exchange Visits) aim at strengthening the existing COST Actions by allowing scientists to go to an institution or laboratory in another COST country to foster collaboration, to learn a new technique or to take measurements using instruments and/or methods not available in their own institution/laboratory. They are particularly intended for Early Stage Researchers.

WG – Working Groups
The scientific work of the Actions is organised through Working Groups.